Hornussen


Category:
Social practices
Canton:

Description

Hornussen is one of the three traditional national Swiss sports. In today's setup, the "batsman" hits the puck, or "Nouss", with an elastic stick from the starting block towards the opponents' field. There, the defending team try to intercept the Nouss as early as possible before it hits the ground. To do this they use "Schindel", shovel-like boards held high or thrown into the air to meet the Nouss.

The current form of the game probably originated in Emmental (where it was first mentioned in 1625). Jeremias Gotthelf described Hornussen and its significance in rural life in detail in "Uli der Knecht". In 1902 the Federal Hornussen Association was founded in Burgdorf, attracting 24 clubs and around 600 players in the first year alone. The combination of sport and custom has secured the ongoing success of Hornussen, and today the association has 190 clubs on its register (as of 2011). Traditionally the sport was exclusively practised by men, but women and girls have taken part over the last few years as well and are now integrated into the teams as equals.

Hornussen is primarily played in the Swiss plateau cantons of Bern, Solothurn and Aargau, but similar sports used to be played across the entire alpine area. Until 1945, "Gilihüsine" was played in Betten (in the canton of Valais), and "Hürna" remains a popular sport in Furna (in the canton of Graubünden).

Image gallery

  • Stephan Huber at the 2009 Federal Hornussen Festival in Höchstetten © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • Fritz Kaufmann taking a perfect shot at the 2009 Federal Hornussen Festival © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • Marco Roos successfully defending his title as King of the Batsmen at the 2009 Federal Hornussen Festival © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • If the first defender fails to intercept the Hornuss, hopefully other team members behind will step in © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • The first defender has propelled his defence board upwards, the second is ready to punch the Hornuss away and the third is crouching to defend © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • Good defending: Propelling upwards to meet the Hornuss and crouching to catch it © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun, 1930: The Hornuss positioned on the starting block (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern
  • 1930 Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun: Launching the Hornuss (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern
  • 1930 Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun: A player taking his shot (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern
  • 1930 Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun: A player taking his shot (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern
  • 1930 Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun: Team members throwing their defence boards up to meet the Hornuss (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern
  • Stephan Huber at the 2009 Federal Hornussen Festival in Höchstetten © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • Fritz Kaufmann taking a perfect shot at the 2009 Federal Hornussen Festival © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • Marco Roos successfully defending his title as King of the Batsmen at the 2009 Federal Hornussen Festival © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • If the first defender fails to intercept the Hornuss, hopefully other team members behind will step in © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • The first defender has propelled his defence board upwards, the second is ready to punch the Hornuss away and the third is crouching to defend © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • Good defending: Propelling upwards to meet the Hornuss and crouching to catch it © Jürg Lysser/Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband
  • Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun, 1930: The Hornuss positioned on the starting block (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern
  • 1930 Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun: Launching the Hornuss (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern
  • 1930 Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun: A player taking his shot (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern
  • 1930 Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun: A player taking his shot (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern
  • 1930 Federal Hornussen Festival in Thun: Team members throwing their defence boards up to meet the Hornuss (photo by Carl Jost) © Carl Jost/Staatsarchiv Bern

Video

The Federal Hornussen Association: Hornussen as a game, a sport and a top-class sport, 2009 © Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband

References and documentation

Publications
  • Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband (Ed.): Hornusser Hand- und Lehrbuch. Brittnau, 1985

  • Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband (Ed.): Jubiläumsschrift 100 Jahre Eidgenössischer Hornusserverband, 1952-2002. Bützberg, 2000-2002

  • Manfred Hilpert: Hingeruus! Das Buch vom Hornussen. Münsingen, 1984

  • Walter Schaufelberger: Der Wettkampf in der Alten Eidgenossenschaft. Zur Kulturgeschichte des Sports vom 13. bis ins 18. Jahrhundert. In: Schweizer Heimatbücher vol. 156-158. Bern, 1972

  • Albert Spycher: Kegeln, Gilihüsine und Volkstheater in Betten (VS). In: Altes Handwerk no. 53. Ed. Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Volkskunde. Basel, 1985

  • Hans Peter Treichler: Nationalspiele der Schweiz - Hornussen. In: Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz. 2010 (www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/d/D16328.php)

  • Max Triet: National- und Volksspiele der Schweiz. Katalog zur Ausstellung Schweizerisches Sportmuseum. Basel, 1991

Multimedia
  • Norbert Wiedmer (Regie und Drehbuch): Schlagen und Abtun (Dokumentarfilm). Produktion Biograph, Verleih Artfilm. 1999

Documentation
  • Hornussen

    Ausführliche Beschreibung Last modification: 28.05.2012
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