Bull markets and cattle shows in Central Switzerland

From the late Middle Ages through to modern times, grassland and dairy farming in the alpine and pre-alpine areas formed the primary basis of Central Switzerland's economy. Farming practices were centred primarily around dairy cows, calves and beef cattle. Local animal markets played an important role in this system. The establishment of Braunvieh breeders' associations (Braunvieh is a Swiss breed of cattle) at the end of the 19th century resulted in the emergence of the first cattle shows. In addition to their function as animal and goods markets, these shows also feature competitions to ascertain the best breeding specimens. Although the importance of agriculture has declined significantly since the 1950s, cattle shows remain popular social events, particularly in the rural areas of Central Switzerland, and now appeal not only to farmers but also to other sectors of the population. The largest market for breeding animals is the Zug bull market, at which some 250 bulls are offered for sale. This event, which has been organised by the Braunvieh breeders' association since 1898, is held on the Wednesday and Thursday of the first week of September. Cattle traders, buyers and the general public travel from all parts of Switzerland and neighbouring countries to attend. Although the cattle market lost its functional significance for breeders following the introduction of artificial insemination in the 1960s, for the residents of Zug – be they traders, bankers, businessmen or even farmers – it remains an important date in the events calendar.


Category

Social practices


Canton


Detailed description

Publications

Chantal Desbiolles: "Wo die Braunen begutachtet werden", In: Neue Zuger Zeitung. Zug, 11. September 2008, p. 17

Damian Gisler: Miss Haldi verteidigt den Titel. In: Neue Urner Zeitung. Altdorf, 27. September 2011, p. 22

Heinz Herzog, Monika Herzog: 100 Jahre Zuger Stierenmarkt. In: Zuger Neujahrsblatt. Zug, 1991, p. 106-107

Paul Küchler: Die Viehzüchter sind wetterbeständig. In: Neue Obwaldner Zeitung. Sarnen, 8. Oktober 2011, p. 23

Naturmuseum Luzern (Ed.): Rindvieh. Begleitbroschüre zur Ausstellung «Viehschau». Natur-Museum Luzern, 3. April bis 17. Oktober 2004. Luzern, 2004

Josef Niederberger: Viehzuchtverband Nidwalden. 50 Jahre. 1962-2012. 2012

Heiri Scherer: Muni - Der Zuger Stierenmarkt. Zürich, 2016

Keywords

Autumn

Contact

Braunvieh Schweiz
Zuchtstiermarkt in Zug
E-Mail

Verein Vieh in der Zentralschweiz
E-Mail

Print contact

https://www.lebendige-traditionen.ch/content/tradition/en/home/traditions/bull-markets-and-cattle-shows-in-central-switzerland.html