Chalandamarz

"Chalandamarz" is a Romansh word for the first day of the month of March, when the bells ring out winter and welcome the approach of spring. The custom, portrayed in the famous children's book "Schellenursli" ("A Bell for Ursli") by Selina Chönz and Alois Carigiet, is respected in Engadin, Münstertal, Bergell, Puschlav, Misox, Oberhalbstein and Albulatal, but the celebrations differ from village to village. Schoolchildren dressed in peasant smocks, pointed caps and traditional dress parade around the fountain early in the morning with bells and whips. They walk from house to house and sing Chalandamarz songs, collecting food and money for the communal feast and the school trip. In keeping with tradition, the procession in some villages comprises only boys (for example in Zuoz and Samedan). In Zuoz they practice cracking whips from 1 February, and the procession is rehearsed two Sundays before the big day. On Chalandamarz the boys parade through the village with bells as "herdsmen" and "cows", and the girls prepare the evening meal and the ball that follows. In Scuol the procession is complemented by a whip cracking competition. The Chalandamarz procession in Ftan resembles a carnival procession. The boys dress up and torment the girls with inflated pigs' bladders. In Poschiavo and Misox, a snowman is burned as a symbol of winter.


Category


Canton


Detailed description

Chalandamarz (PDF, 391 kB, 22.06.2018)Ausführliche Beschreibung


Video

Publications

Albert Bärtsch: Schweizer Feste und Bräuche. Wädenswil, 2009

Werner Catrina: Ein Frühlingsfest im Tiefschnee. In: Feste im Alpenraum. Zürich, 1997

Chalandamarz. In: Dicziunari Rumantsch Grischun. Ed. Società retorumantscha. Chur, 1939-

 

Gion Gaudenz: Chalandamarz in Engiadin'Ota. In: Das Jahr der Schweiz in Fest und Brauch. Zürich, 1981

Fadrina Hofmann: Der Chalandamarz-Held ist männlich und Peitschenknaller. In: Südostschweiz, 2.3.2010

Riccardo Tognina: Puschlaver Volksbräuche und Dorffeste. In: Terra Grischuna no. 5, 1965

Riccardo Tognina: Volksleben und Volksbräuche im Puschlav. In: Terra Grischuna no. 6, 1979

Cla Schur: Chalandamarz in Ftan, anders als Schellenursli. In: Bündner Woche, 27.2.2013

Coro della Radiotelevisone della Svizzera italiana: Chalandamarz, chaland'avrigl. In: Schweizer Chormusik, Volume 2 (Compact Disc). Zürich (Musikverlag Pan), 1994

Radiotelevisiun Svizra Rumantscha: Chalandamarz. In: Der klingende Jahreskreis (Compact Disc). Ed. Brigitte Bachmann-Geiser. Oberhofen am Thunersee (Zytglogge-Verlag), 2013

Keywords

Spring

Winter

Contact

Kulturförderung Graubünden
E-Mail

Print contact

https://www.lebendige-traditionen.ch/content/tradition/en/home/traditions/chalandamarz.html