Folk music and Jutz in Central Switzerland

The driving forces behind the instrumental Ländlermusik which emerged around 1900 came from Central Switzerland. The predominant instrument is the Schwyzerörgeli, a type of accordion developed, constructed and sold in Pfäffikon and Schwyz from 1886. The first generations of musicians came mainly from the canton of Schwyz and from the 1920s could often be seen accompanying dances in the city of Zurich. In the period of the Geistige Landesverteidigung (a political and cultural movement in existence between the 1930s and 1960s whose aim was to promote Swiss values and customs), the Ländler was idealised as a local form of music. The early 1990s saw a revival which resulted in numerous new interpretations and raised the music's profile among the urban public. Today, the broad variety of musical forms ranges from accordion duets and Ländlertrios to musical bands, while the styles include the Innerschwyz and Schwyzerörgeli styles and what is known as 'Neue Schweizer Volksmusik' (new Swiss folk music). The musical form of the Jutz – also known as the Naturjutz – plays a key role in the yodelling tradition of Central Switzerland. Although its age is difficult to determine, it is older than the Jodellied that emerged at the beginning of the 20th century. The traditional vowel-based melodies vary from region to region, with particularly characteristic examples being the Muotathal Jutz, the Obwalden Juiz, the Nidwalden Juiz and the Entlebuch Jutz. They are performed and preserved mainly by residents of the alpine regions and local yodelling clubs.


Category

Oral expressions


Canton


Detailed description


Audio

Cows are called in for milking with Löckler and short Jutz songs. © Alois Schmidig (Gesang), Sylvie Bolle Zemp (Aufnahme)/Aus: Lex voix du monde. Une anthologie des expressions vocales. Paris: Centre Nacional de la Recherche Scientifique/Musée de l’Homme, 1996

Publications

Beat Christen: Tänzli vom Staldä z'Ängelbärg. Die Volksmusik-Dynastie Feierabend. Originalmelodien auf CD im Heft (Engelberger Dokumente 23). Engelberg, 2004

Gesellschaft für die Volksmusik in der Schweiz (Ed.): Schweizer Volksmusik-Sammlung. Die Tanzmusik der Schweiz des 19. und der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts. Aus dem Nachlass von Hanny Christen. Altdorf, 2002

Haus der Volksmusik (Ed.): Josef Stump & Balz Schmidig. Zwei Schwyzerörgeli-Pioniere am Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts. Geschichte - Noten - CD. Altdorf, 2009

Alois Koch (Ed.): Kreative Provinz. Musik in der Zentralschweiz. Luzern, 2010

Heinrich J. Leuthold: Der Naturjodel in der Schweiz. Wesen, Entstehung, Charakteristik, Verbreitung. Altdorf, 1981

Dieter Ringli, Dieter: Schweizer Volksmusik. Von den Anfängen um 1800 bis zur Gegenwart. Altdorf, 2006

Ernst Roth: Schwyzerörgeli. Geschichte - Instrumentenbau - Spielpraxis. Altdorf, 2006

Ernst Roth: Märchler Volksmusiker. Die Geschichte der Ländlermusik einer Region. Ed. Kulturkommission Kanton Schwyz (Schwyzer Hefte 75). Schwyz, 2000

Marcel Renggli: Die Krienser Halszither. Ed. Nidwaldner Museum. Altdorf, 2007

Verein Entlebucher Musikgeschichte und Rotary Club Entlebuch (Ed.): Das klingende Tal. Geschichte der Musik, des Musizierens und der musikalischen Institutionen im Entlebuch. Schüpfheim, 2008

Keywords

Contact

Eidgenössischer Jodlerverband EJV
E-Mail

Verband Schweizer Volksmusik VSV
E-Mail

KlangWelt Toggenburg
E-Mail

Print contact

https://www.lebendige-traditionen.ch/content/tradition/en/home/traditions/folk-music-and-jutz-in-central-switzerland.html